The Factory

How It's Made

Stitchdown construction shoes

Our shoes are made using the Stitchdown construction, unique in the fact that instead of the upper leather turning underneath the insole like more common constructions, the Stitchdown turns outwards and is stitched directly to the mid-sole. The advantages of this are a durable construction which is easy to repair, and also flexibility, increasing the comfort of the shoes.

We use top quality leather and other materials in our shoes to give the best comfort and durability achievable at a competitive price point.

All of our shoes are designed and made in our own factory in Suffolk. Our shoes are predominantly handmade, using machine assistance to help in the forming of a Stitchdown.

The lasts we use are chosen for their comfortable fit, and we can modify a set of existing lasts to an individual's requirements for problem feet, giving a semi-bespoke fit.

From the initial pattern making to the finished article, the entire process of shoe making occurs within our workshop, and new designs are continually being developed for production, so we hope you will check back regularly to see new additions.


We know desert boots. We've made them for over 15 years, including for other brands and for one of the biggest footwear brands in the world. So when it was time to reinvent our own offering, we knew exactly what we wanted to achieve.

Desert boots should be simple, stylish, and comfortable. For our new design, we brought in the radius of the ankle measurement and moved the eyelet position closer to the leg for a more secure fit. The gap between the eyelet facings was increased for more adjustability in lacing, and the height of the backs was brought down for a more level and balanced feel, which also lessens any binding of the upper on the back of the leg.

What we present to you now is our ideal Desert boot, with true ability to be dressed up or dressed down with its clean lines and classic silhouette.

Desert Rand boots sand suede

The Process

We begin with the cutting process, known in the industry as 'clicking', due to the sound the blade makes as it leaves the cutting board. In large factories, the clicking room would have had many workers all cutting by hand with a traditional clicking knife, all emitting little 'clicks' as each piece was cut.

We continue this tradition of hand cutting, having templates made from either card or plastic which are skilfully cut around with a special knife for a clean and precise edge. The blades are individually shaped from old hacksaw blades, which gives us a good balance of flexibility and edge retention when sharpening.

For bulk production, we also use a 'clicking press', which is a powerful hydraulic machine which stamps out the leather pieces like a giant cookie cutter.


All the leather pieces from clicking are now prepared for the sewing operations, where by the flat two-dimensional pieces will be 'closed' into a three-dimensional shape which is called the 'upper'. The leather edges will be thinned by shaving slivers of leather off so that the seams lie flat, and any beading and edge inking processes will also be done before the pieces are stitched together.

We use several types of leather machines and sewing machines for this process, each one requiring a high level of understanding and skill to operate successfully. This is a hand made process with no automation.


This is where the shoe really starts to take shape. The closed uppers have their stiffeners inserted in the toe and heel area, and are then placed over a plastic shoe mould called a 'last'. Using the assistance of powerful machinery, the leather upper is grabbed by pincers which the operator controls individually with corresponding levers, to pull the upper tightly over the last whilst keeping it central.

A good eye and feel is needed to keep the upper central and tight to the last, but not to over stretch the upper which would result in a loss of proportion, and even burst seams.

Again, there is no automation in this process.


After the upper is lasted, the upper is stitched directly to a mid-sole using a special outsole stitcher. This is where the 'stitchdown' process takes its name.

The stitch is made using heavy thread, by a 'lock stitch' process, which is the strongest. If one stitch should become damaged or break, the rest will remain in place and strong, especially because the stitches are also cemented in underneath as well.

Our standard thread colours are black, brown, and natural, but we have other colours in stock available on request, such as red, yellow, orange, and various shades of green.

Sole Laying

The soles are prepared for cementing onto the lasted and stitched uppers.

After the soles are attached to the lasted uppers with heat and pressure, highly skilled trimming and finishing operations follow.

We use natural plantation rubber crepe soles, as pictured, for the traditional Desert boot specification.

We also offer Vibram rubber sole units, and stitched on soles such a Dainite, and Commando.

Shoe Room

The last step in the production process, here the shoes have their lasts removed, and are inspected, cleaned, branded and padded heel socks inserted, laced, and boxed.

The shoes may be given a cream polish or wax treatment to enhance or preserve the finish of the leather.

The lasts can now be used to start another batch of shoes. We manufacture shoes in multiples of 12, in order to keep our shoe racks full for maximum efficiency as they are moved around the factory between processes.